A french brand for the Internet ?

France invites the brand at the heart of any debate of the presidential campaign. Reflection affects all sectors of the food, textile or automotive.

Can we extend the debate telecom sector and imagine a France brand for Internet ?

In a few words, Internet is Google, Apple, iphone … some brands that do not smack of the soil too. But a little digging, the reality is not so radically … anglo-saxonne.

In simplifiant, Internet is both : a telecom infrastructure, equipment (computers, servers, tablets …), applications and also users !

As regards Infrastructure, even if the deployment is too slow, France adopts the optical fiber networks. This investment for an efficient and modern infrastructure is essential to open up territories and give companies the means to develop. The shortcut appears fast broadband to development, but do not forget that it was the same thing with electricity. Local communities by implementing Public Service Delegations on the fiber is also not wrong there.

Side data centers, it is true that a few hundred datacenters open to companies, the French offer is frankly below the current and future needs. And that’s saying something when you consider the obsolescence of existing facilities in terms of electrical power (density) or safety. More numerous phenomena exacerbate this gap : the trend of outsourcing data and infrastructure with Cloud Computing and awareness of the risk of host its data abroad (especially in unknown or unclear legal contexts). It is clear that major urban centers will integrate this new type of investment if they want to keep their businesses and especially jobs …

If we move quickly on the hardware component, French technology exists, and more on niche high-tech … But she does not seem to conquer the French users : design issue ? production costs between labor and components ? or premium to historical leaders ? Difficult to decipher the underlying reasons for this disaffection for the French equipment.

Side applications or uses, it is clear the development of e-commerce, services on the Internet or the proliferation of projects in incubators or nurseries in the digital sector. The development of open source and the emergence of new industries and students as the birth of a taste for entrepreneurship are many. However still a lot of projects to launch both innovation financing, SME development and skills development – not to mention the attraction of international expertise that undermines the circular Gueant 30 more 2011 for young foreign graduates.

The investment program for the future, work OSEO and some university courses begin laying the groundwork for the Internet in French but the finding is still a bit poor. The France brand for Internet remains to create ! But it carries a high potential for growth and employment.

Datacenter Marilyn : 100% Fiber, a first in the world

CELESTE an update on the construction of its datacenter Marilyn Seinte-et-Marne and announces that he will be designed to 100% optic fiber, a world first

After laying the foundation stone of its datacenter Marilyn in October 2010, CELESTE gives a positive assessment of the progress and confirm the delivery initially set.

Fibre optique
Concretely, the start of production is planned for September 2011. Marilyn is a high density design Tier IV datacenter ecological. Its vertical shape allows air circulation easy. The fresh air will be drawn at the basement, cool machines and will be used to heat offices. Excess air escapes through the roof. This vertical design for a data center is unique in the world.

This is the first time such a project was born, and that has been the subject of a patent. CELESTE today announced another innovation : network cabling datacenter Marilyn 100% optic fiber. Unlike other datacenters, copper cabling was outlawed. This strategic choice is explained by the fact that CELESTE provides offers very high speed : 1G ou 10 Giga for clients, that can be interconnected with fiber optic deals across France. Furthermore, copper has drawbacks related to its weight and footprint caused by its production and reprocessing.

With these differentiating characteristics, Marilyn datacenter is about to receive the certification European Code of Conduct. This certification reference greets engagement data center operators who adopt best practices in energy savings. A few months before the launch of Marilyn, CELESTE is also looking for new employees such as engineers, network technicians, of fiber optic cable manufacturers …

Enjoying international recognition, Marilyn concept will be presented by Nicolas DAWN at various conferences : “Datacentres 2011″, the 5 and 6 more ; as “Datacenter Dynamics, the 7 June”. He is also the subject of a study by Gartner Group. Marketing 600 m2 computer room is underway with customers CELESTE, but also new partners such as service companies or IT outsourcing companies, seduced by the offer coupled Datacenter + 1G fiber which opens up new perspectives.

To assess the safety of a data center

The security of a datacenter, is the security of your data or those customers. Do not be fooled by security pretexts, marketing often also, to avoid questions about the real conditions of operation and maintenance of your site hosting.

Data centers are the factories of modern times. They host Internet : websites, les emails, data and photographs of individuals ; but also corporate data. At the centralization of IT and cloud computing, they become the backbone of the digital economy. A failed datacenter, and thousands of people may be deprived of network, Phone, emails or data.
For all that, we do not know well their security. Often under the guise of confidentiality, some operators of data centers provide little information on their thermal architecture, electric, and failures encountered. This communication is rather made by users who have to suffer an outage. There is no standard defining the security of a datacenter.

Criteria based on the architecture of datacenters enable a private, l’Uptime institute, classify datacenters. They are categorized as « Tier I » to « Tier IV ». However, these categories are often used wrongly and without control by designers datacenters. Furthermore, they do not take into account new data center configurations and operating process.

To know the security of its datacenter, Here are some basic questions that it seems useful to ask their host :

Thermal safety is often the most overlooked element, and it is the cause of many failures. For a datacenter 1 MW computing power, if the cooling system stops working, this is 1 MW heat that builds up and raises the room temperature. How are cooled machines ? Is it a system of chilled water circulation in a false floor ? Is this ice water directly in the machines ? Is this recycled air conditioning and ? Cooling by ambient air ? What are the beaches outside temperature for which the system is designed ? What is happening in case of leakage of water if the water is used ?

It is necessary to check the fault tolerance of the cooling system. The network is it doubled ? Production units of cold are they redundant ?

– Electrical safety must be examined from the high voltage to the computer servers. How high-voltage electrical sources your datacenter he has ? high-voltage cables are they doubled, on two different courses ? A risk of fire exists on the high-voltage transformers : are protected against fire ? Are they lined ? Many data centers have only one general low voltage switchgear : Is this the case with your ? Computer rooms are they protected electrical brownouts ; that is to say is that the inverter is used continuously ? What are the procedures and maintenance of energy storage systems, Batteries such as ? How gensets been dimensioned ? Can they rescue all the datacenter or only the power of the computer ? What is the fuel reserve available ?

At electrical bays, how many power sources are distributed ? Is it different phases of the same channel, which is not a security ; or channels produced by separate inverters ? Computer servers are they connected to two separate sources ?

– The fiber-optic networks data center must be secure. How many conveyances optical fiber are present ? The optical fiber paths they are disjoint from one end : in the street and in the building ? points of presence until berries operator customers ?

Other security features may be considered : access control, video surveillance, fire detection, automatic fire extinguishing. A key element is the presence of staff on site : Security Officers, but also maintenance personnel, welders fiber, network and systems technicians. Procedures put into production, maintenance, SAV, penalty must be clearly defined and applied. For information on the quality of operations, a visit is helpful : the site must be clean and empty boxes should not be located in rooms. The access to the rooms and bays doors must be closed, well ordered and labeled wiring. Rooms, berries and technical areas must be clearly marked.

You can never be certain that an incident will not occur in a datacenter. However, it is quite essential to be very demanding vis-à-vis its host in terms of safety, availability and operating conditions. Safety is not to be walled in underground and excuse solicitor. Safety is first and foremost a question of resources and processes but also clear and transparent vis-à-vis its customers’ information.

Mobility and cloud: an air of Roque?

The Internet, as we know it will not change suddenly, do not worry. We’ll just see a gradual evolution eliminate some « patches » that have occurred to make way for new protocols offering a new intelligence above the borders of the Internet, where services are managed and the users are. Two main forces stressing the boundaries of the Internet : mobile Internet users now addressed and routed in more IP, and virtual machines, IP also, also begin to move through the « data center ». It has therefore an inescapable similarity : Mobile IP users and virtual machines move will be managed with the same « tools ».

Within the cloud consortium, the focus is mainly on new mobility features of the machines in a context where the majority of users interconnect clouds through IP. It is here not just user mobility, manageable by changing the network location of mobile users, but also (mainly) mobility servers, virtual machines and services.

Managing such volatility attachments points users on one side and the other servers called for unification of protocols for IP mobility. Operational simplifications facilitate new advanced ubiquitous services; for example, a green data center management across the globe (« follow the sun ») : only the location changes, the Internet address of a server that moved remain the same in several datacenters at the end of the world. Therefore clones servers can coexist at the same time, for light (and locate) when it is dark (electricity is cheaper), or to share the load in case of congestion, or to distinguish the content based on the geographic zone. Or, servers follow more users accessing the, when the number of users accessing the same server becomes significant.

In this context, So what will be the « patches » destined to disappear, and new protocols ? Mobile IP, Your online v4 V6, with its routing mechanisms and encapsulation triangular or compatibility issues will no longer make much sense because users as well as mobile machines do not necessarily have a « house » reference. Protocols like LISP (« Locator Identifier Separation Protocol ») provide a distributed control plane to dynamically manage the location by IP-in-IP encapsulation end-to-end or intra-hierarchical operator. Some extensions to Ethernet, adopted to meet the needs of data centers and networks, mobile backhaul, Tello IEEE 802.1ad/ah/aq, too complex and costly (net flow and CAPEX) could leave space for new protocols through better scale as TRILL (« Transparent Interconnection of a Lot of Links »).

Plans LISP control and TRILL, both in the IETF standardization, adapt easily to situations where the locations of level 2 and level 3 change very frequently. LISP and TRILL could be gradually and essential to facilitate the emergence of advanced services Clouds at least regionally today, allowing management of 4G mobility and dynamic migration of servers with unattainable using historical flow technologies, and a significant improvement in Quality User Experience « clouds ». It is interesting to note that LISP and TRILL currently capture more interest from small operators to access distributed very Clouds, on many sites, than conventional operators following the contrary a monolithic approach Cloud, with few sites datacenters.

What remains is to define the coupling between these two protocols under a hypervisor high diversity distributed architecture that is sufficiently more effective than solutions with low diversity. Who says efficiency, said service continuity, reliability and availability IP.

To increase reliability and availability of the Cloud, it seeks solutions that can manage a strong geographic diversity and a high mobility of virtual machines, while ensuring continuity without interruption in a world TCP-UDP/IP. Under the cloud consortium, we aim to achieve higher levels of availability and reliability customizable to customer needs, type « carrier grade » (99,999%) and beyond, which can be secured through a strongly divided over a large number of sites hypervisor, supported by a control plan new generation.

Stefano Secci – LIP6 – consortium nuage

cloud is a research and development consortium composed of the following members :

• Non Stop Systems, Specializing in secure infrastructure solutions SSII

• CELESTE, ISP, designer of a green data center

• Oodrive, specialist professional backup and sharing files online

• DotRiver, eco-innovative virtualization solution and centralized workstations

• Alphalink, private network operator and telephony over IP

• Network Consulting, Host – dedicated servers and SaaS applications

• New Generation SR, consulting corporate social responsibility

• LIP6 laboratory teams REGAL and the PHARE, University Pierre and Marie Curie, Paris